For many small-business owners, business loans can be surprisingly hard to get. Both you and your small business need to meet a number of specific requirements to qualify. Don’t worry, though―if you can’t get a business loan right now, you can use a personal loan instead.
That said, getting a personal loan for your business isn’t always the most straightforward process. There are rules you need to follow and best practices you should know.
In this guide, we’ll walk you through the process of funding your business with personal loans, and we’ll help you decide if a personal business loan is right for you.
1. Make sure a personal loan is best for your business
As we’ve said, a personal loan can work as a substitute for a business loan. That doesn’t mean, though, that it’s always the best idea.
See, there’s a reason that business owners prefer business loans. Business loans usually come with longer loan terms, lower interest rates and fees, and larger loan amounts than personal loans do. That makes business loans ideal for many business uses, such as purchasing equipment, hiring employees, or taking care of other working capital needs.
Personal loans, on the other hand, are designed for, well, personal uses. Think home improvement projects, debt consolidation, and other personal needs. Given these needs and typical borrower qualifications, personal loans tend to come in smaller amounts and have shorter loan terms. In many cases, they also have a higher APR (annual percentage rate).
- Lower income/revenue requirements
- Ability to use for both business and personal expenses
- No minimum time in business
- Lower loan amounts
- Moderate credit requirements
- Potentially high APR
We bring all this up to say that personal loans aren’t a perfect 1:1 substitute for business loans. They’ve got some limitations and some drawbacks that you should consider. So if you have the choice between a personal loan and a business loan, we recommend a business loan.
That being said, personal loans also have some advantages. For example, a personal lender won’t care how long your business has been around. Likewise, a personal lender won’t worry much about your business’s revenue as long as you have a healthy, stable income. That can make personal loans easier to get, especially for young businesses.
Plus, you can use a personal loan for both business needs and personal needs (a big no-no with business loans). You might find that getting one personal loan for multiple types of needs is more convenient than taking out a personal loan and a business loan.
|Feature||Personal loans||Business loans|
|Permitted uses||Personal and business expenses||Business expenses|
|Max. loan amount||Often $50,000 or less||Often $250,000 or more|
|Personal credit check||Yes||Yes|
|Business credit check||No||Sometimes|
|Financial check||Personal income||Business revenue|
So while we definitely recommend business loans over personal loans, we know there are many situations where a personal business loan makes more sense. We just urge you to borrow carefully (as we would with any business loan).
If you’ve considered the downsides of using a personal loan for your business and you still want to get one, then you’re ready to move on to the next step.
(But if you’re still not sure, we’d like to remind you that there are plenty of small-business funding options that aren’t loans.)
2. Look at your borrower qualifications
Once you’re sure you want a personal loan, it’s time to start figuring out what you can qualify for. To do that, you’ll need some numbers.
All lenders―personal and business―have certain borrower requirements that they use to judge applicants. You can expect a personal lender to consider several factors:
- Credit score
- Credit history
The exact minimum requirements will vary by lender. For example, some personal lenders require just a 540 personal credit score, while others have a minimum credit requirement of at least 620.
And not all lenders will care about the same factors. Some lenders might focus more on your recent credit history than your actual personal credit score. Likewise, some lenders offer only unsecured loans, so they won’t care at all if you don’t have collateral. Others, though, offer secured loans and will definitely take your collateral into account.
Keep in mind that the type of lender you apply with will affect those borrower requirements. Your average traditional lender (like your bank or your local credit union) will have stricter loan requirements than a typical online lender (also called an alternative lender).
Most business lenders will look at the factors above―but they also consider how long you’ve been in business, your annual revenue, and potentially your business credit score.
For now, though, just focus on making a list of your borrower qualifications. Make a note of your credit score (and consider checking out your credit report), jot down your income, and figure out if there’s any collateral you want to offer.
With this list in hand, you can start looking for a lender.
3. Find a personal lender
You should look for a few things in a personal lender.
If you need a good starting point, check out our rankings of the best personal loans for business. All the personal lenders on that list should be fine with you using your personal loan on your business (though it never hurts to double-check when you apply).
|Brand||Loan min./max.||APR min./max.||Min. credit requirement||Get a loan|
|Rocket Loans||$2,000/$45,000||7.16%/29.99%||540||Apply Now|
Once you’ve found a lender that offers personal business loans, you need to narrow down your search to find a lender that accepts your borrower qualifications.
So look at that list you made in step two and compare it to lenders’ requirements. With any luck, you’ll find at least one lender that matches up with your qualifications.
Of course, you should also make sure you’re fine with their qualifications. Do they offer a large enough loan amount for your needs? Can you afford their interest rates? Is the loan term long enough for you?
If you can answer yes to those questions, then you’re ready to get your loan application together.
4. Apply for your personal loan
Most lenders try to make their application process as painless as possible, which means you can usually start a loan application online.
You’ll probably have to upload some documentation as part of your loan application. Again, the exact requirements will depend on your lender. But don’t be surprised if you’re asked to submit tax returns, proof of income, and other documents.
After you’ve applied, the lender will review your loan application. If all goes well, you’ll get a loan offer.
Don’t accept it right away, though―make sure you review your loan offer carefully. You want to make sure you know and understand all the costs (including the interest rate and fees) and terms.
The most common fee we’ve seen on personal loans is an origination fee (or administration fee), usually between 1% and 10%.
You should probably even use a loan calculator to make sure you know exactly what your loan will cost―and that you can afford it.
If the costs are too high, don’t be afraid to reject the offer. You can always apply with a different lender or pursue a different financing option entirely. But the last thing you want is to be stuck with a loan you can’t afford to pay back.
We hope, though, that you do like your loan offer. In that case, you can accept it and get your money. (Yay!) Most lenders will fund you within a few days, so you can get your business financing in no time.
Your financing journey isn’t over, though. You got the working capital you need right now, yes, but you should start planning for the future.
5. Make a plan for future financing
As we said back in step one, personal loans just aren’t the best type of financing for most businesses. So you should come up with a plan to qualify for better financing options in the future.
For example, think back to your personal credit score. Even if it’s solid, you can probably take steps to improve it. These steps may be very simple (like paying your small-business personal loan back on time). But you might also want to consider less obvious strategies, like improving your credit utilization ratio (the percentage of your credit limit you’re using).
You should also consider how to improve your business’s credit qualifications. Again, some things will be simple: the longer your business is around, the more likely it will be able to qualify for a business loan.
Some things, though, will be less simple: Increasing revenue will obviously help your business qualify for a business loan. You should also work on arranging your budget so that you have plenty of cash flow. And you can take steps to improve your business’s credit score (perhaps by taking out a business credit card).
Yes, your personal business loan is an okay solution for now. But in the future, we want to see you qualify for the best small-business loans.
Personal business loans FAQ
Is it easier to get a personal loan or a business loan?
It’s not necessarily easier to get either a personal loan or a business loan, since the two have different requirements.
For example, most personal lenders have minimum credit requirements in the 600s, while there are plenty of business loans for bad credit that accept a credit score in the 500s. So if you’ve got bad credit, you might actually find it easier to get business financing.
On the other hand, business lenders care about your revenue and how long your business has been around. Personal lenders don’t. So if you’ve got a young startup, you’ll likely have an easier time getting a personal loan.
Put simply, your own specific qualifications will determine which type of loan is easier for you to get.
What are some good alternatives to personal business loans?
As we mentioned earlier, you don’t have to default to getting a loan when you want financing. You can explore other financing options too:
- Apply for grants
- Pitch to investors (including angel investors and venture capitalists)
- Ask family and friends for financial help
- Use a personal or business credit card
- Crowdfund your business
Plenty of businesses have gotten funding in these ways. So while we can’t promise these options will work for your business, they’re worth a shot.
What credit score do you need to get personal business loans?
Most personal lenders we’ve seen ask for a credit score in the 600s. That said, you can find lenders that go lower. Rocket Loans, for example, accepts credit scores as low as 540.
When you’re a business owner, your cash flow needs can’t always wait. If you don’t currently qualify for a business loan, you can try to get a personal loan and use that for your business instead.
Personal business loans do tend to have higher rates, shorter terms, and lower loan amounts than true business loans do. But since personal lenders care more about your qualifications than your business’s, personal loans can be easier to get for some business owners.
So if you think a personal loan will work well for your business, go ahead and get one. Just make sure you have a plan to qualify for better financing in the future.
Considering a personal loan because you have a young business? Take a look at our rankings of the best small-business loans for startups to see some other loan options.
At Business.org, our research is meant to offer general product and service recommendations. We don’t guarantee that our suggestions will work best for each individual or business, so consider your unique needs when choosing products and services.