The Paycheck Protection Program Is Saving Jobs Across America


Now that $519 billion in PPP loans has had time to work, one question still hangs in the air: Has the funding been effective? According to recent data released by the U.S. Treasury Department,1,2 the answer is yes.

Thousands, hundreds of thousands, and even millions of jobs have been saved in each state. With unemployment reaching significant highs in April of this year, we can only imagine how much worse things could have been if the PPP loans didn’t help retain American jobs during this economic crisis.

As for each state, there’s a direct correlation between the number of jobs saved and the amount of funding received. Let’s take a look at how the numbers break down on a per-state basis.

Interesting findings

We found a number of compelling details in the Treasury Department’s data that give a very positive outlook on the success of PPP loans:

  • Over 50 million American jobs (50,679,396, to be exact) have been preserved as a result of the over $519 billion in PPP loans given to small businesses.
  • Over 19 million jobs were saved as a result of loans below $150,000, while 31 million jobs were retained from loans of $150,000 and above.
  • California had the most PPP loan approvals of all the states, resulting in over 6.5 million saved jobs.
  • The more loan funding a state received, the more jobs were saved, demonstrating that the program effectively preserved American jobs during a time of high unemployment.
StateLoan CountTotal Amount Funded< 150k Jobs Retained>150k Jobs RetainedTotal Jobs Retained
Alabama65,806$6,191,565,635264,058408,803672,861
Alaska11,169$1,247,632,64346,46267,587114,049
Arizona81,015$8,624,142,070411,501616,0201,027,521
Arkansas42,427$3,319,742,303166,529209,212375,741
California581,140$68,225,253,6652,364,6474,140,9006,505,547
Colorado104,402$10,369,964,852369,271562,640931,911
Connecticut60,951$6,690,573,886227,590374,985602,575
Delaware12,502$1,489,717,33247,41489,119136,533
Florida393,028$32,045,720,3621,357,5801,867,0843,224,664
Georgia156,814$14,502,923,640606,201865,5811,471,782
Hawaii24,534$2,497,717,75285,383140,053225,436
Idaho30,167$2,571,003,631145,705159,717305,422
Illinois202,143$22,486,267,789801,8131,360,9262,162,739
Indiana79,151$9,485,147,788352,998598,595951,593
Iowa58,466$5,087,064,565225,021298,184523,205
Kansas51,872$4,996,112,228203,023318,299521,322
Kentucky48,354$5,239,687,995239,486359,886599,372
Louisiana73,825$7,339,607,519307,247492,974800,221
Maine27,200$2,242,074,846107,878135,493243,371
Maryland81,315$10,054,533,726323,019615,415938,434
Massachusetts113,000$14,329,027,191402,764740,7471,143,511
Michigan121,135$15,959,809,357563,063990,9611,554,024
Minnesota98,138$11,208,272,990379,307711,1991,090,506
Mississippi45,817$3,165,442,525193,535218,957412,492
Missouri91,498$9,143,522,129380,126555,893936,019
Montana23,104$1,762,484,534105,751109,506215,257
Nebraska42,499$3,421,713,932147,509180,027327,536
Nevada42,147$4,125,976,098220,027305,664525,691
New Hampshire23,829$2,550,585,12879,564130,435209,999
New Jersey147,550$17,204,788,723531,360925,0951,456,455
New Mexico21,924$2,240,751,741101,764146,175247,939
New York323,903$38,349,280,0771,117,7422,044,9783,162,720
North Carolina121,917$12,405,099,857497,003749,5911,246,594
North Dakota19,724$1,765,068,43171,832104,376176,208
Ohio140,270$18,370,838,345652,5161,228,1091,880,625
Oklahoma64,277$5,446,203,356264,987355,366620,353
Oregon62,769$6,978,512,390239,648372,674612,322
Pennsylvania165,918$20,711,084,796624,8571,196,2121,821,069
Rhode Island17,163$1,879,909,10960,05497,480157,534
South Carolina63,178$5,740,234,166280,034377,923657,957
South Dakota22,508$1,664,208,85980,005101,628181,633
Tennessee93,292$8,916,915,556341,357575,639916,996
Texas389,396$41,051,828,6781,776,7052,742,9604,519,665
Utah50,691$5,247,494,314374,500422,349796,849
Vermont11,929$1,187,439,08645,17968,659113,838
Virginia109,225$12,611,135,107358,296615,665973,961
Washington101,049$12,302,067,753351,522555,100906,622
Washington D.C12,483$2,137,811,70542,167123,328165,495
West Virginia17,322$1,800,837,21482,251121,990204,241
Wisconsin85,461$9,879,400,471379,422619,619999,041
Wyoming13,231$1,041,442,56354,91457,031111,945

These findings prove the PPP loans’ success. The 19 million jobs that were saved by loans below the $150,000 mark show that investment in small business is crucial to the health of the jobs market—especially considering that small businesses constitute 47.3% of all United States employees.3

Another sign of the PPP’s success? The simple fact that staggering numbers of jobs are being saved in each state. And the states with the fewest saved jobs tended to be less populous and received less funding, showing that there’s a direct correlation between the amount of PPP funding and the preservation of American jobs.

Does this mean we need more funding? It’s hard to tell at this point. Unemployment is dropping month by month,4 which is a sign of both businesses reopening and PPP funding going into effect across the country. If the decrease in unemployment ever plateaus, we may need to consider offering more PPP loans.

Methodology

We scoured through SBA’s Paycheck Protection Program loan-level data to find how many jobs were retained because of PPP loans. We then broke down data to see how each state was affected by the PPP loans granted to their small businesses.

The takeaway

The Paycheck Protection Program has played a key role in helping businesses and their employees weather the economic crisis brought on by the global pandemic. With so many jobs saved already and unemployment rates decreasing every month, things are looking up for American workers.

Now, all we have left to do is keep our finger on the pulse of the unemployment rate to make sure it keeps decreasing. If unemployment stops decreasing or begins to rise again, we may have to consider further action to bolster the jobs market.

Sources:
1. U.S. Treasury Department, “PPP Loan Amount by State.” Accessed July 16, 2020.
2. U.S. Treasury Department, “Jobs Retained by State.” Accessed July 16, 2020.
3. U.S. Small Business Administration, “2019 Small Business Profile.” Accessed July 16, 2020.
4. Trading Economics, “United States Unemployment Rate.” Accessed July 16, 2020.