Commercial Real Estate Loan Rates

Commercial real estate financing comes in many sizes, and interest rates are the lowest they’ve been in years. Business.org breaks down the lender numbers.

Business woman getting great commercial loan rates

Whether you’re purchasing new property for your business, remodeling and expanding your current digs, or constructing a 100-foot neon Belgian waffle to attract diner customers from outer space (no judgement: aliens like breakfast too), now is a prime time to take out a commercial real estate loan. Interest rates are at historic lows (currently averaging between 4% and 6%), and lenders are so motivated to work with borrowers that they might not even question a colossal flashing waffle sign as a business expense.

Commercial loan rates

LoanAverage ratesAverage LTV ratioTypical minimum loan amountTypical maximum termGet a loan
SBA 7(a) Loan5.25%–9.25%80%–90%$350,00025 yearsApply Now
CDC/SBA 504 Loan4.38%–4.49%80%–90%$1 million20 yearsApply Now
USDA Business & Industry Loan5.25%–9.25%75%–80%$200,00030 yearsApply Now
Traditional bank loan4.2%–8%70%–80%$1 million30 yearsApply Now
Construction loan5.5%–6.5%60%–80%$1 million2 yearsApply Now
Conduit (CMBS) loan4.3%–5%70%–75%$2 million10 yearsApply Now
FHA Hospital/ Senior Care Loan3.8%–4.7%75%–83%$3-5 million30 yearsApply Now
Fannie Mae apartment loan3.01%–5.06%70%–80%$750,00030 yearsApply Now
Freddie Mac apartment loan3.59%–4.27%70%–80%$1 million10 yearsApply Now
Bridge loan9%–13%80%–90%$1 million1 yearApply Now
Soft money loan6.5%–17.5%60%–65%$150,0008 yearsApply Now
Hard money loan10%–20%50%–55%$150,0002 yearsApply Now

Data effective 11/01/18. At publishing time, pricing and terms are current but are subject to change. Offers may not be available in all areas.

Commercial loan interest rates by building type

Building typeAverage ratesAverage LTV ratioAverage termsAverage amortization periodGet a loan
Apartment complex3%–8.5%70%–75%20 years26 yearsApply Now
Office building3.2%–8.5%70%–75%8 years30 yearsApply Now
Retail building3%–9.9%65%–75%6 years25 yearsApply Now
Restaurant3.7%–13.3%60%–70%7 years22 yearsApply Now
Industrial building3%–8.5%65%–75%11 years25 yearsApply Now
Hotel/motel3.4%–13.8%65%–70%8 years23 yearsApply Now
Healthcare/ senior housing3.4%–9.9%65%–75%14 years25 yearsApply Now
RV/mobile home3.2%–11.1%65%–75%9 years26 yearsApply Now
Self-storage facility3.3%–8.5%65%–75%6 years28 yearsApply Now
Special purpose building3.8%–14%60%–70%8 years23 yearsApply Now

Data effective 11/01/18. At publishing time, pricing and terms are current but are subject to change. Offers may not be available in all areas.

Determine your commercial mortgage payments

Not sure how much money you’d be paying out every month on a commercial real estate loan? Forecast your payments quickly and easily with this commercial mortgage calculator.

How commercial loan rates work

Commercial real estate loans aren’t the same as residential home mortgages, and they come with higher interest—usually 0.5% to 1% above the 30-year prime residential rate. Commercial loans also have shorter repayment terms, between 5 and 25 years, and are considered a higher risk for lenders because business real estate is typically harder to resell upon default than residential property.

An interest rate—what a lender charges you for the service of loaning capital—is determined by three factors: a base rate, which can be the US Prime Rate (5.25% as of November 2018) or the international LIBOR (London Interbank Offered Rate, measured monthly and measured at 2.28% as of November 2018); the length of the loan’s repayment term; and the overall amount of the loan. Interest on loans can be set at variable rates (meaning the percentage will fluctuate as the base rate does) or fixed rates (meaning the percentage remains consistent throughout the loan’s repayment term).

The worth of income-producing properties is measured by the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio, which is the total amount of the loan divided by the appraised property value or purchase price. The LTV for an $80,000 loan on a $100,000 property would be 80% ($80,000 ÷ $100,000 = 0.8 or 80%), for example.

What is a prepayment penalty?

Commercial loans come with a built-in expectation that interest will be paid over a set amount of time, ensuring that the lender will receive a continuous stream of revenue for the duration of the loan’s term. When a borrower decides to pay off a loan early, whether to refinance at a lower interest rate or get out early in anticipation of a higher rate in the future, they can—and most likely will—face prepayment penalties.

The borrower would then pay the difference between the loan’s original interest rate and the current rate for the remainder of the term of the loan (called yield maintenance) or offer up another mode of collateral, such as treasury bonds (referred to as defeasance). If your business is doing well and you can afford it in the short term, you’re in a slightly better position to take the hit of a prepayment penalty. A cash-strapped business, on the other hand, should probably avoid deviating from the loan’s term.

How to keep your interest rates low

The simplest way to guarantee that you’ll get low interest rates is to maintain a high personal FICO credit score, the upper 700s being the ideal. Putting in a larger down payment will also help keep interest rates manageable, as will opting for longer repayment schedules when you can. Thinking long term, working with the same lender over multiple deals can establish a relationship and confidence that will lead to more lenient commercial mortgage rates in the future.

Commercial loan pros and cons

There are over a dozen types of commercial real estate loans, ranging from general to niche functionality. Here are three of the most commonly used commercial mortgage loans.

Traditional bank loans

Nearly 75% of commercial mortgage loans are procured through traditional banks and credit unions, and they typically require a personal FICO credit score of at least 700. Most standard-lender loans come with terms of 5 to 10 years, and some also require at least one year in business and 51% owner-occupancy of the commercial property.

Pros
  • Wide availability
  • Competitive rates
Cons
  • High credit score requirements
  • Prepayment penalties

SBA loans

SBA loans are backed by the U.S. Small Business Administration and awarded through SBA-approved lenders. The SBA doesn’t make loans directly, and you have to be turned down by traditional commercial real estate financing before applying. These loans have long terms and low interest rates but come with stiff requirements.

Pros
  • Low interest rates
  • Long repayment terms
Cons
  • Extensive paperwork
  • Lengthy waiting process

Hard money loans

Hard money payouts are fast, short-term loans given by private investors who take the risk based on the value of the commercial property, not the borrower’s credit rating. They’re good for “fix and flip” investments but also come with high interest rates (up to 18%) and extra up-front fees.

Pros
  • Fast cash turnaround
  • Minimal credit qualifications
Cons
  • High interest rates
  • Additional fees

The takeaway

When it comes to a commercial real estate loan, don’t be afraid to take your time and shop around–for both loans and investment properties. The climate for commercial mortgage rates is the best it’s been in years, and there are plenty of lenders who are ready to make a deal. Whether you’re buying, refinancing, expanding, or upgrading (we’re absolutely going to consider the neon waffle an “upgrade,” but that’s just us), it’s currently a borrower’s market.